Better than Melchizedek
Read Hebrews 7:1-10
- What is the setting for Abraham’s encounter with Melchizedek?Read Genesis 14:1-24 (especially v.18-20)
- How would you describe Melchizedek? (see also Genesis 14:18, Psalm 110:4)[his name, title, family?]
- What role did Melchizedek play in Abraham’s life?
- Why did Abraham give Melchizedek a tithe?
- Why did Abraham refuse the spoils offered by the king of Sodom? (Gen. 14:22-24)
- What does David write in Psalm 110 about Melchizedek? About Jesus?
(See also Matthew 22:41-46)
- What is the message the author of Hebrews makes of the meeting of Abraham and Melchizedek? (Heb. 7:3-10)
- What is the significance of the absence of any genealogy of Melchizedek?
- What are the aspects of Melchizedek’s priesthood that relate to the priesthood of our Lord?
How should these inspire confidence and courage in Christians?
Read Hebrews 7:11-28
- What limitation of both the Law and the Levitical priesthood is pointed out in v. 11-12?
- What would have disqualified Jesus from serving as an Israelite priest under the Law?
- What distinguishing characteristics separate the priestly order of Melchizedek from that of the Levites? (v.16-17 – see also Numbers 20:28)
- How does v.18 describe the Law?
But what does Rom. 7:12 say about the Law?
How can both of these seemingly contradictory statements both be true? (see Rom. 3:19-20; 7:13-14)
- What is the relationship, if any, between Hebrews 7:18-22 and 6:13-18?
- What is the “better covenant” referred to in 7:22? (Note ch. 8-10)
- How does Psalm 110:4 serve as a prophecy of the coming of Messiah to serve as our Great High Priest; different from the Levitical priesthood?
- So what are the benefits of our Lord being “a priest forever” (Hebrews 7:21, 25)?
- Why does the author say that Christ saves forever “those who draw near to God” (7:25), rather than “those who trust in Christ” or something like this?
- Note the key phrase, “once for all” in Hebrews (7:27; 9:12, 26; 10:2, 10). How is this good news for us and all people?
- What is “the oath that came after the Law” (v.28) – see again 6:13-14; 7:20-22.